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FSGS

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  • Basics
  • Symptoms
  • Complications
  • Diet
  • Healthy living
  • Treatment

FSGS Basics

FSGS is short for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.It is a kind of glomerulonephritis featured with inflammation and scarring of glomeruli in kidneys.FSGS is a common pathological type of Nephrotic Syndrome in clinic.The following content will introduce the basics of the condition as follows:

How is FSGS diagnosed?

Renal biopsy will be performed to make the diagnosis of FSGS. It is a procedure in which a tiny portion of the kidney tissue is examined.However,in FSGS,only some sections of the glomeruli are involved, the diagnosis result may not accurate.

Causes of FSGS

The cause of FSGS is usually unknown.This condition can occur in both children and adults.Known causes include heroin use, HIV, obesity,inherited genetic problems etc.The general cause of FSGS is supposed to be immune disorder.

Symptoms of FSGS

*Foamy urine( from excess protein in the urine)

*Poor appetite

*Swelling due to retention of fluid in the body

*Body weight gain

*Nephrotic Syndrome is commonly seen in FSGS

*High blood pressure occurs among 30~50% of FSGS patients

As the above conditions can worsen renal function significantly, it is important to treat them effectively.Email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com for treatment tips.

Treatments for FSGS

In conventional treatment, some patients will receive high doses of corticosteroids or a drug called cyclosporine to suppress the immune system.The treatment goals include controlling the symptoms of FSGS and preventing chronic kidney failure.Fluid restriction,antibiotics to control infections, a balanced diet etc are generally used to control the symptoms of FSGS.

Prognosis of FSGS

The prognosis of FSGS is not good,especially those with Nephrotic Syndrome and heavy proteinuria. More than half of those with FSGS will develop chronic kidney failure within 10 years.

Dietary principles for FSGS

A balanced diet plays a vital role in managing FSGS.The general dietary principles for FSGS patients should be low in protein, sodium, fat and cholesterol.However,as the patients’ illness condition varies from person to person, the diet plan should also be different. You can email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com to get an individualized dietary regime.

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Symptoms of FSGS

FSGS is short for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and it is a kind of glomerulonephritis.As the progressive damage to the kidneys interferes with their normal function,the patients will experience a large number of symptoms as below.

Foamy or frothy urine

Foamy or frothy urine is a typical sign of FSGS due to presence of heavy protein in urine.Glomeruli act as filters in kidneys and can filter out waste products from body.However,the useful substances will be retained in body.In right condition, proteins are too big to pass through the glomeruli and are generally kept in body.In FSGS,the glomeruli are scarred and necrotic, which can result in leakage of protein in urine.Thereby,the urine will become foamy or frothy.

Edema

Edema is commonly seen around eyelids and ankles in FSGS patients. It is due to retention of fluid and loss of protein from blood.

Weight gain

Weight gain often occurs along with edema due to retention of fluid in body.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure often occurs in people with primary FSGS.Many patients will have high blood pressure at the time of diagnosis. High blood pressure is caused by fluid retention and increased production of renin.

Poor appetite

Poor appetite in FSGS is due to high building up of toxins and waste products in body. If the waste product and toxins irritate the stomach and intestine, it will cause poor appetite. In serious case, even nausea and vomiting can occur.

Fatigue

Fatigue in FSGS is due to anemia.Anemia is a disorder in which the number of red blood cells is lower than the normal range.As red blood cells can carry oxygen to body tissues and cells, if inadequate oxygen is supplied to body tissues and cells, the patients will suffer from fatigue.

Other symptoms of FSGS may include back pain, leg cramp, headache etc. If you want to learn tips to deal with them, you can email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com for medical suggestions.

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Complications of FSGS

FSGS is a very difficult condition to manage.As the disease progresses, a number of complications will occur.In return, these complications can worsen renal function significantly.The following is a list of complications of FSGS.

Anemia

Anemia is a common complication in the advanced stage of FSGS. It can make the patients feel tired easily.Anemia in FSGS can be attributed to a number of causes. Firstly, proteins can carry iron to every part of the body.As iron is an important material for making red blood cells. Inadequate iron in body can result in anemia.Secondly,healthy kidneys can produce EPO which can stimulate bone marrow to produce red blood cells. However, the scarred kidneys fail to perform the function properly.As a result, less red blood cells are produced. In addition, high levels of toxins and waste products can shorten the life span of red blood cells.

Bone problem

Bone problem commonly occurs among people with FSGS.There is a variety of attributable factors for the problem.Vitamin D bind with proteins in blood. Protein leakage in urine can cause loss of vitamin D in urine, thus resulting in vitamin D deficience. Also,the diseased kidneys can not convert vitamins from foods into active vitamin which can be absorbed by body.It also can lower the level of vitamin D in body.

In addition,electrolyte imbalance also can contribute to bone problem in FSGS.If the levels of phosphorus are too high in blood,the body will pull out calcium from bone, thus giving rise to bone problem.

Kidney Failure

If left untreated,approximately 50~70% of persons with FSGS will eventually develop kidney failure.Glomeruli are filters in kidneys and they can filter out waste products from body in right condition.In FSGS,as the condition progresses,more and more nephrons will become scarred.Kidney failure will be the final result.

The above is the list of complications of FSGS. If you are eager to find ways to deal with the complications, you can email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com.

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FSGS Diet

FSGS is a kidney disorder in which glomeruli become inflamed and scarred. If left untreated, kidney failure will come soon. Diet plays a vital role in managing FSGS symptoms and delaying renal function decline. What is a proper diet for FSGS?

Dietary tips for FSGS patients

-A low salt diet can reduce retention of fluid and sodium,thus helping with swelling in the hands and legs.Processed foods are an important source of salt. The patients should cut down those foods in their diet.

-More fruits and vegetables should be added to diet for FSGS patients. These foods contain high levels of fiber which can help lower total LDL and cholesterol.It can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and heart disease effectively.

-If the patients have serious fluid retention, fluid should be restricted. How much fluid to drink is affected by the swelling and kidney damage degree.

-Proteins are very important to keep the overall health,muscle maintenance, and to fight infections.If the patients with FSGS have heavy proteinuria,they should cut down foods loaded in protein and add more high-quality protein in their diet.A low-protein diet can help preserve kidney function.

-The kidneys fail to balance the levels of different minerals in body like phosphorus,potassium etc.If the levels of these minerals are higher than normal,potassium and/or phosphorus should be restricted. High levels of potassium in body can cause irregular heartbeat and even can be life-threatening. If the level of phosphorus in blood is too high, it can cause bone problem, skin itching and other healthy problems.

-Limiting fat and cholesterol is an important part in diet for FSGS.As high levels of fat and cholesterol can make the patients susceptible to cardiovascular diseases.The patients should use lean meats,fish, shellfish, beans,nuts.Use healthy oils such as olive,sunflower,canola, and safflower. Limit saturated fats and eliminate trans fat.

The above are general dietary tips for people with FSGS. If you want to get a personalized dietary plan,you can email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com.

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FSGS Healthy Living

A healthy lifestyle can help a lot in managing FSGS.The following article will give some suggestions on healthy living for FSGS patients.

Moderated exercise

Some FSGS patients may worry that exercise may affect their illness condition so they may quit exercise after the diagnosis. In fact, moderated exercise is very beneficial to them. It can help improve immunity, lower high blood pressure and blood sugar levels, decrease the level of cholesterol etc. All in all, proper exercise can improve the overall condition and slow down renal function decline.Aerobic exercises are recommended exercises for people with FSGS like cycling, walking,swimming, jogging etc.The patients should take exercise at least 30 minutes each time and do it for three times a week.

A balanced diet

The patients with FSGS should manage their diet well.It is necessary for them to consult with a dietitian to make a personalized dietary regime.A diet low in proteins should be followed by FSGS patients.Excess salt intake can cause fluid retention,aggravating edema and high blood pressure.If the patients have increased levels of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, or other minerals, it is important to cut down the foods loaded in those minerals.You can email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com to get a suggested diet for FSGS patients.

Pregnancy and FSGS

If people can not have a baby,it may make them have a sense of loss.Whether people with FSGS can get pregnant and have a healthy baby successfully is a major concern for the patients. The good news is that many patients have a baby successfully. The risk factors of pregnancy in FSGS include elevated creatinine, heavy proteinuria, high blood pressure,reduced renal function.During pregnancy,the patients should be monitored closely to prevent the possible accidences like acute renal failure,miscarriage etc.

The above are the tips on healthy living for people with FSGS. You can chat with our online doctor for more individualized medical suggestions.

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Treatment for FSGS

FSGS is very hard to manage.Generally,the patients will develop kidney failure in less than 10 years.Especially,when heavy proteinuria occurs,the patients can occur kidney failure in a short time.Therefore,it is important for the patients to seek for effective treatments.

As FSGS is a very complex condition,more than one type of treatment will be involved in the treatment process.Based on the kidney damage degree and specific illness condition,one or more than one of the following treatment options will be recommended to treat FSGS.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a personalized treatment which is conducted based on the an accurate diagnosis.So the patients can get a satisfactory treatment effect.

Immunotherapy is composed of six treatment steps including accurate diagnosis,immune blocking,immune clearance,immune regulation,and immune protection.Each treatment step plays a specific role in treating FSGS.

Blood Pollution Therapy

Blood pollution therapy is supposed to be the latest treatment for FSGS.This therapy can treat FSGS from controlling its underlying causes and enhancing renal function.Blood pollution therapy includes three treatment processes namely combined application of blood purification, elements supplementation, and function rebuilding.Is blood pollution therapy a right treatment for you? Consult our online expert for an answer now!

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is an externally applied therapy in which different kinds of natural herbs are used based on the patient’s illness condition.It is free of adverse effects on body completely.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy has the functions of dilating blood vessels,anti-inflammation,anti-coagulation,and degrading harmful substances and extracellular matrix.After a period of treatment,obvious treatment effects will be seen. Fatigue,nausea and vomiting,edema and other clinical manifestations will be improved.In a long term,creatinine and BUN will reduce and GFR will increase.

Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)

TCM is a nonspecific treatment and it includes a variety of treatment methods like herbal medicine,acupuncture,massage etc.Based on the patients’ specific illness condition,the corresponding treatment will be applied to treat FSGS.

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