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Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant is an operation that places a new healthy kidneys in your body to improve your kidney functions. If the transplantation is successful, the transplanted kidney will take place of the failed kidneys to work, and you have the chance to get rid of dialysis.

What is kidney transplant?

Kidney transplant is a surgery in which doctor places a healthy kidney into a patient suffering from kidney failure. Thereby, one donated kidney is needed and it may come from:

Deceased donor -- a person who has recently died and who has no known chronic kidney disease

Living related donor -- related to the person receiving the transplant, such as a parent, sibling, or child

Living unrelated donor -- such as a friend or spouse

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Is there any risk of kidney transplant?

Surely, there is.

- The surgery risks includes bleeding and infection.

- The anesthesia risks include problems breathing and reactions to medications.

- Side effects from medications used to prevent transplant rejection, include increased risk for infections and damage to your liver or other organs.

- Some other risks may include heart attack or stroke, wound infections or blood clots.

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How do I start the process of getting a kidney transplant?

Your doctor can discuss the transplant process with you or refer you to a transplant center for further evaluation.

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Do I have to follow a special diet?

Like other treatment for kidney diseases, kidney transplant requires a special diet as your guidelines. The length of time you must follow the special diet varies. Your progress will be followed closely, and your doctor and dietitian will change your diet as needed.

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How long will a people live with transplanted kidney?

On average, 80% of people who receive a live donation will live more than 5 years, after receiving the donation. And about 70% of people who receive a donation from a recently deceased person will live for at least 5 years after receiving a donation.

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What can I expect after kidney transplant surgery?

- you will have to take medicines to suppress your immune system, after the surgery.

- your body may try to reject your new kidneys, during the first 7 days to months after your surgery.

- You will have to stay in the hospital for 7 to 10 days after you receive your new kidney.

- Chronic rejection is a process of gradual, progressive loss of kidney function and can occur many months to several years after your surgery.

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How long will I have to wait for a kidney?

The waiting time varies by many factors, such as age, rareness of genetic type and blood group etc. Usually, you have to wait at least 3 years, if you are listed for a deceased donor transplant. but there is a great deal of variability in this. Patients who receive live donor kidney transplants usually have much shorter waiting times than those who receive kidneys from deceased donors.

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What is the successful rate of kidney transplant?

The success of kidney transplant can be influenced by many different factors. Read on and here are some factors for your information.

- Living donor kidney transplants are on average more successful than transplants from deceased donors.

- Most kidneys that fail in the first year after transplant do so because of rejection

- Your general health plays an important role.

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Do I have to be a blood relative to be a living donor?

No, you don't have to. A living kidney donor may be a relative or a person who is not related to the recipient. In the case of a non-relative, it is best if the donor has an emotional relationship with the recipient.

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