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Nephrotic Syndrome

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  • Basics
  • Symptoms
  • Complications
  • Healthy living
  • Treatment

Nephrotic Syndrome Basics

Nephrotic syndrome may affect adults and children, of both sexes and of any race. In the following content, you are expected to get the answers to some questions commonly consulted by patients with nephrotic syndrome.

What is nephrotic syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is a nonspecific kidney disorder characterized by a number of signs of disease: proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and edema. These symptoms occur when glomeruli are damaged.

What causes nephrotic syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is not a specific kidney disease. It can occur in any kidney disease that damages the filtering units in a certain way that allows them to leak protein into the urine. The primary causes of nephrotic syndrome include minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and membranous nephropathy; also there are many other "secondary" causes of NS, including diabetes, cancer, amyloidosis, lupus, viral infections, drugs and allergies, etc. You can email us to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com to tell us your cause of NS, then corresponding medical advices can be given freely to help you manage the condition well.

How is nephrotic syndrome diagnosed?

*Urinalysis: determine the amount of protein in the urine.

*Blood: determine levels of creatinine, albumin, cholesterol, and many other factors examined to rule out other causes.

*GFR: is an estimator of kidney function by calculating blood creatinine levels with urine protein levels.

*Sometimes a renal ultrasound or CT scan is performed.

*Sometimes a renal biopsy: removal of a small portion of the kidney for examination under the microscope.

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Nephrotic Syndrome Symptoms

With the progression of condition, more and more symptoms are likely to happen to nephrotic syndrome patients.

What can symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include?

In addition to proteinuria, there are three main symptoms associated with protein leaking into the urine and they are hypoalbuminemia, edema and hypercholesterolemia. Other symptoms of nephrotic syndrome may include high creatinine level, high BUN level, fatigue, high blood pressure, dry skin, stomach pain, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, headache and so on. You are welcomed to email your symptoms to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com, our experts will surely give you some free and professional medical advises within 48 hours.

Why ammonia taste and vomiting happen in nephrotic syndrome patients?

If you are suffering from ammonia taste and vomiting, the abnormal blood urea nitrogen level may be found on your blood test report. With the development of condition, kidneys can not function well to remove the waste products from the blood. While the buildup of these wastes can cause these symptoms. Moreover, the extra urea will be decomposed into ammonia under the effect of urea enzymes in gastrointestinal tract. Ammonia will be discharged through oral cavity to cause ammonia taste and vomiting.

How does nephrotic syndrome cause high blood pressure and unintentional weight gain?

Patients with nephrotic syndrome retain salt and water in their body, so fluid retention can be one of causes of high blood pressure. What is more, high blood pressure and the unintentional weight gain can be two side effects caused by the steroids drugs people with Nephrotic Syndrome usually take.

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Nephrotic Syndrome Complications

With the progression of condition, more and more complications are likely to happen to nephrotic syndrome patients.

Why can weight gain happen in nephrotic syndrome?

The reasons may include two aspects. One is swelling and another is the side effects caused by steroids. Swelling is a common symptom of nephrotic syndrome, and it can be caused by impaired kidney function and loss of protein from the blood. Steroids are commonly used to treat nephrotic syndrome, while weight gain is just one of side effects of steroids. In addition to the diuretics, if you are interested in other natural ways to relieve swelling or reduce the risk for side effects, you can go and consult online doctor freely.

How to deal with high creatinine level?

As our kidneys have very strong compensatory ability, the creatinine level will not increase until about a half of kidney function has been lost. So the appearance of high creatinine level tells the impaired kidney function, which should arouse your enough attention.

Though healthy diet can help control creatinine level to a certain degree, it is unable to deal with it from the root. The key is to make kidneys work normally again by repairing kidney damage and recovering renal function. If you are lack of related information about diet suggestions and natural treatment options for high creatinine level, leave a message below or email to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com.

Ways to cope with proteinuria in nephrotic syndrome

Enalapril and ACEI drugs can eliminate proteinuria to a certain degree when the proteins in the urine are not that heavy. Steroid drugs and immunosuppressive agents will be used when there is much proteinuria. If your proteinuria can not be controlled by these medications, you can try Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy which aims at repairing kidney damage and recovering renal function.

Though some certain medications and healthy diet can help relieve symptoms to a certain degree, nephrotic syndrome patients should know that the most important thing is to recover renal function.

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Nephrotic Syndrome Healthy Living

Nephrotic syndrome patients are commonly suggested to keep a healthy diet, which helps relieve some symptoms and slow down the progression of condition to a certain degree.

Can nephrotic syndrome patients eat orange?

If nephrotic syndrome patients have high potassium level, then they are not allowed to eat orange, which is because high potassium level can affect the heart and can cause arrhythmia.

They can consume right amount of orange if the potassium levels are in the normal level. Orange is cold in nature, the aged with deficiency-cold of stomach, intestines, kidney and lung function should not eat too much. If you want to know more about diet suggestions, you can go and consult online doctor freely.

Will pumpkin increase creatinine level in nephrotic syndrome?

Pumpkin belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae. The pumpkin seed and seed oil have been implicated in providing many healthy benefits. They are a rich natural source of phytosterols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, proteins, antioxidant vitamins like carotenoids and tocopherol and trace elements such as zinc.

In general, pumpkin will not increase creatinine levels, instead, they are suggested to eat pumpkin. If you are lack of diet suggestions for high creatinine level, email your creatinine level to chinakidneytherapy@gmail.com.

Are nephrotic syndrome patients allowed to drink coke?

The reasons why nephrotic syndrome patients are not allowed to drink coke include drinking two or more coke per day doubled the risk of CKD; excess consumption of caffeine, a major ingredient in coke can not only increase blood pressure also cause damage to kidneys; coke cab affect the absorption of calcium, which increases the risk of osteoporosis; coke and other carbonated beverages make people have a high risk for diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney stone.

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Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment

In the clinic, nephrotic syndrome is commonly treated with western medications like steroid drugs and immunosuppressive agents. When condition develops kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplant will become the choice. However, the appearance of new treatment for nephrotic syndrome brings patients new hopes.

How is nephrotic syndrome commonly treated in clinic?

Your nephrologist may recommend medications that suppress your immune system; diuretics and low salt diet help to control edema; a medication that blocks a hormone system called the ACE inhibitor or ARB to control blood pressure or lower urine protein; anticoagulants to prevent blood clots; statins to lower the cholesterol level.

What are the side effects of steroids?

The minor side effects of steroid use include acne, oily skin, excess hair growth and deepening of the voice. The major side effects of steroid include an increased risk of cancer, increased risk of heart and liver disease, fluid retention, high blood pressure, changes in blood coagulation, increased risk of atherosderosis and obstructive sleep apnea.

Side effects specific to men can include testicular atrophy or the shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, infertility, baldness, and the development of breasts. For women, side effects can include enlargement of the clitoris, changes in the body contour growth of facial hair, disruption of the menstrual cycle, deepened voice and infertility.

An increase in androgenic (male) hormones may also lead to aggressive behavior. Research also indicates that steroid users often suffer from paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility.

Why does my condition always relapse?

Relapses always appear after nephrotic syndrome patients catch a cold, or reduce the dose of medicines or stop taking medicines without letting their doctors know. The main reason of relapses is because the condition can not be treated from the root cause.

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